Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, Hunedoara, Romania.
The largest, and capital city of Roman Dacia, this city was founded by Terentius Scaurianus about 108-110, during the reign of Roman emperor Hadrian.
Situated less than 50km away from the former capital of the Dacians, Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa was built on a strategic point between where the battle of the Dacian troops and Roman legions took place. This site is on the ground of what was a camp of the Fifth Macedonian Legion, and was settled by veterans of the Dacian wars.
Later destroyed by the Goths, this large cosmopolitan centre remains in ruins today. The site features temples, gladiator schools, a large forum, and an amphitheater.
While researching I also found these virtual reconstructions of what features of this site would have once looked like:
- The Roman Forum (the ruins of which are shown in the photos of this post)
- Temple of Liber Pater
Photos taken by Codrinb.
Argentine consul in Japan, 1904. The Empire of Japan and the Republic of Argentina established diplomatic relations in 1898. The relationship was raised to Embassy level in 1940 before the two countries severed ties in 1944 during the Second World War. Diplomatic relations were restored in 1954.
A 2500 year old mummy that had some amazing tattoos.
NO FUCKING WAY.
YO HOLD ON.
IT GETS BETTER.
This mummy, found in the Altai mountains of Siberia, is actually that of a young woman who died at about the age of twenty-five; she is thought to have been a member of the Pazyryk tribe.
She was buried with six horses and two similarly-tattooed men (the horned griffon that decorates her shoulder also appears on the man buried closest to her, covering most of his right side), possibly escorts. She was also wearing a horse-hair wig, silk, and elaborate boots, which is all a level of ceremony that would have likely only been accorded to a woman of high rank. You didn’t get inked like this unless you were very important, and had worked your way up to that importance.
…Hence, of course, the references to her by researchers as ‘The Ukok Princess,’ although due to the lack of weapons in her grave they have concluded that the woman was in fact a healer or a storyteller.
And now I’m all consumed with curiosity: Who was she? What amazing things did she accomplish? Why these symbols, and what did they mean? Who were the two men alongside her?
The most informative article about it can be found here, although I would completely eat up any other information you guys could find.
The Burning Monk- Thich Quang Duc (1993) sat down in meditation position at Saigon. He then poured gasoline all over his body and set himself alight. He maintained his calm meditative position and did not even make a sound while his body burned and then within a few minutes toppled over. His body was consumed but his heart remained intact. It was placed in the Reserve Bank of Vietnam and is called the Symbol Of The Holy Heart.
He wanted to show people that we can do incredible things when we practice mindfulness. He also wanted to show the world the injustice that was being perpetrated on the Buddhist religion and community by a repressive regime. Needless to say, it worked pretty well and the government softened up on the Buddhist. He is a remarkable symbol of the incredible power the mind holds.
Not to burst your bubble, bub, but you are missing some real fucking important information here.
First off, the date: I don’t know if that’s a typo on your part, but you have VASTLY overshot the year of his death - by about thirty years.
This is to say, Thich Quang Duc really died in 1963, which is a real big blunder on your part, because you know what repressive regime he was living under?
The right-wing, pro-Catholic dictatorship of South Vietnamese “President” Ngo Dinh Diem, a man who actively discriminated against Buddhist practitioners despite the fact that they constituted anywhere between 70% - 90% of the population.
And no, in spite of all the negative press, neither Diem or his cronies put an end to their systematic persecution just because one man set himself aflame for all the world to see. Quite the opposite, a major government crackdown was carried out against Buddhist pagodas nationwide in August 1963, during which time roughly 1,400 monks were arrested, thirty civilians were killed (and some 200 wounded) when they tried to defend the monks, and - I’m sure you’ll find this especially pertinent - Quang Duc’s heart was confiscated from the Xa Loi pagoda in Saigon, which, unsurprisingly, was the biggest and most aggressively assaulted target of the raids.
And, of course, there was also Madame Nhu (Tran Le Xuan) - de facto first lady of South Vietnam, and one of the most outspokenly and unapologetically bigoted folks in the government. She was a major player both in the limelight and behind the scenes of South Vietnamese politics, but, arguably, what she’s most notorious for nowadays is publicly mocking Quang Duc and other self-immolated monks by saying, among other things:
“If the Buddhists want to have another barbecue, I will be glad to supply the gasoline.”
Now, I highly recommend reading up on the rest of Madame Nhu’s dickishness for yourself, because she’s a real nasty piece of work in her own right, but all you have to know for now is that her comments were just as instrumental as Quang Duc’s suicide in prompting the infuriated U.S. government to further withdraw support for the Ngo Regime, and in otherwise getting the rest of the world to realize just how bloody awful the people in charge of South Vietnam were.
And speaking of which, the only reason Buddhist persecution came to an end in the first place was because Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother were fucking murdered after being captured by their generals in a coup d’etat on November 1, 1963, and anyone vaguely familiar with global history can prooobably guess what happened next: the government fell into severe disarray, as general after general vied to hold control in the ensuing power vacuum, and, with both the Viet Cong and North Vietnam breathing down the South’s neck, the American government had to take on a much more direct and active role in the country’s affairs and defense, and you can probably guess what that means.
Now, back to the main point: did Thich Quang Duc’s bold and selfless martyrdom inspire people to take action against the South Vietnamese government?
Yes, absolutely, at home and abroad.
Did his heart really remain intact after incineration?
Yes! And what’s more, his heart even managed to survive cremation! Where it’s located now, however, I can’t say for certain, as I couldn’t find anything conclusive while reaffirming my data elsewhere.
Is the original post a grossly inaccurate oversimplification of Quang Duc’s legacy?
Does the OP try way too hard to make this seem inspiring in the absolute worst way possible?
Did the South Vietnamese government learn the error of its ways and start playing nice again after Quang Duc’s suicide?
Learn to do your goddamned homework, people, before you try trivializing something as serious as this again.
Mesa Point trail, Boca Negra Canyon, Petroglyphs National Monument, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
The following are segments from information signs around the trail:
Due to extended periods of drought, the Pueblo people searched for permanent sources of surface water that would sustain their agricultural lifestyle. Many people settled along the Rio Grande which provided an ample supply of water and fertile farmland. […]
Petroglyphs represent a valuable record of cultural expression and human occupation in the Rio Grande valley. They have deep spiritual significance to modern Pueblo groups as well as other indigenous people such as the Diné (Navajo) and the Apache. Similar images continue to have value in contemporary ceremonial life for many Southwestern tribes.
The associated meanings of some petroglyphs are known by a few Southwestern tribal groups, while the direct meanings of other images have been lost over the centuries. […] Identification of some petroglyphs is based on interpretations by today’s Pueblo people. We cannot say for certain what all images represent, nor is it appropriate for modern Pueblos to reveal the meaning of an image to others. Various Pueblos have differing opinions on meanings and any single images may have complex or multiple meanings based on its context.
Photos courtesy & taken by Lisa Jacobs.
From the Petroglyph National Monument website:
Petroglyphs are rock carvings (rock paintings are called pictographs) made by pecking directly on the rock surface using a stone chisel and a hammerstone. When the “desert varnish” on the surface of the rock was pecked off, the lighter rock underneath was exposed, creating the petroglyph. Archaeologists have estimated there may be over 25,000 petroglyph images along the 17 miles of escarpment within the monument boundary.
It is estimated 90% of the monument’s petroglyphs were created by the ancestors of today’s Pueblo Indians. Puebloans have lived in the Rio Grande Valley since before 500 A.D., but a population increase around 1300 A.D. resulted in numerous new settlements. It is believed that the majority of the petroglyphs were carved from about 1300 through the late 1680s.
The arrival of Spanish people in 1540 had a dramatic impact on the lifestyle of the pueblo people. In 1680 the Pueblo tribes rose up in revolt of Spanish rule, and drove the settlers out of the area and back to El Paso, Texas. In 1692 the Spanish resettled the area. As a result of their return, there was a renewed influence of the Catholic religion, which discouraged participation by the Puebloans in many of their ceremonial practices. As a consequence, many of these practices went underground, and much of the image making by the Puebloans decreased. A small percentage of the petroglyphs found within the park pre-date the Puebloan time period, perhaps reaching as far back as B.C. 2000. Other images date from historic periods starting in the 1700s, with petroglyphs carved by early Spanish settlers.
Alcatraz, the notorious island prison surrounded by the waters of San Francisco Bay, is slowly giving up its secrets.
Researchers have now discovered extensive tunnels, embankments and other remnants of a military fortress hidden beneath the floors of the prison. Experts had thought these structures were completely destroyed long ago.
The fortress was discovered purely by accident, after concrete experts were called in to repair a small tripping hazard — a hole in the floor of the prison’s former recreation yard. When the experts took out a chunk of concrete, it exposed the top of an old battery wall from the 19th century. Read more.